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Response Guidelines TO
Read the posts and respond to post. In each response, explain why you decided to respond to this
particular post. Ask clarifying questions or state whether you agree or disagree with the learner’s
categorization of the variables and explain why.
Your response must be a minimum of 200 words in length. Include at least two APA-formatted
citation (in-text, as well as the full reference). The citation may be from course textbooks,
assigned readings, or an outside source.
Study Variables
Diabetes continues to rise in the United States. Despite the new medications sustaining glycemic
control remain a challenge and it is still a clinical and economic burden in the US healthcare
system (Morgan, 2017). Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States and
globally projected by World Health Organization that it will be the seventh leading cause of
death by 2030.Studies have shown that physical activity and nutrition is a key element in the
prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (Harris, 2015).
The purpose of this project was to establish the importance of nutrition and physical activity
education to improve diabetes knowledge and glycemic control among persons with type 2
diabetes. The PICOT question was to know the effect of nutrition and physical activity education
on knowledge and glycemic control among individuals with type 2 diabetes within three-month
period. Seventeen participants were recruited from private and primary care office in Lake
County, Indiana and they completed the intervention phase of the project (Harris, 2015).
The variables used are persons with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, dietician, using medical nutrition
therapy, Likert scale for self-rating of their understanding of diabetic’s topics, correlation
calculations to establish the glycemic control with demographic components, analysis of
variance (ANOVA) to determine variances between HbA1c, type of diabetes and the gender of
the patients (Harris, 2015).
The variables are linked to Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model (HPM) this was to examine
how people make decisions, which was guided by Stetlers’s model to support the implementation
of the Evidence-based-project. This theory was utilized as a framework to promote many
behaviors. HPM consider that achieving a better health individual characteristics and
experiences, behavior specific cognitions and affect and the behavior outcomes of an individual
would be the best methods (Harris, 2015). HPM consist of there major proportional groups and
several variables and concepts that contribute to health promoting behavior, which are;
individual characteristics and experiences propositional group, behavior-specific cognitions and
affect proportional group and interpersonal influences and situational influences propositional
In conclusion, the findings suggested that provision of educational intervention can improve
diabetes knowledge, positively impact glycemic control and increased collaboration among
healthcare providers.
Harris, A. (2015). The effects of nutrition and physical activity education on knowledge and
glycemic control among persons with type 2 diabetes. Evidence-Based Practice project
paper 62. Retrieved from
Morgan, l. (2017). Challenges and Opportunities in Managing Type 2 Diabetes. American Health
And Drug Benefits, 10(4), 197-200. Retrieved from

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