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Importance of Renewable Sustainable Energy for United States
Latest stats show that the world consumed 146,000 terrawatt-hours (TWh) primary
energy in year 2015. Looking at the history of energy, most people started using biomass to
produce energy in their household, back in 1800s. Governments also supported their electrical
needs by burning wood and similar elements. At that time, the world was using only a small
amount of coal to produce energy i.e. 2% of the total energy. This production of energy was
upgraded to oil and petroleum and these two sources were more reliable and efficient, this was
introduced around 1870s. After two decades from 1870, natural gas was also added to the energy
resources. So, overall by 1900s, energy was produced from these four resources. By the mid of
20th century, coal become the ultimate source of energy for half of the world population, it was
cheap and had more capability of energy generation. Behind coal, oil, petroleum, and biomass
were the secondary resources. Hydroelectricity remained a less used resource. After 1960,
nuclear energy was the addition to these resources. Nuclear energy production was good but not
so cost efficient. Apart from all these energy resources, renewable resources were the newest
addition in energy production of the world. Renewable energy resources include modern
biofuels, wind and solar. Geothermal was not mentionable because of its less amount of energy
production (Ritchie, 12). This evolution of energy is the result of scientific research and the
obsession of governments for cheaper and more efficient energy production. Looking at the stats
from developed countries like United States, in 2011, 65 percent of energy was produced by
using fossil fuels i.e. coal, natural gas, petroleum, and other gases, 20% of energy was produced
by using nuclear resources, and only 15% of the energy was produced from renewable sources
including hydro power, wind, biomass, solar, and geothermal (U.S. electricity generation by
energy source). Now the problem with energy production in the world is that we are not moving
on to renewable energy resources completely, typical energy resources are not environmental
friendly or sustainable. This is why it is a need of time that world leaders should prioritize the
conversion of energy production to renewable energy resources rather than typical resources. So
that the energy future of coming generation must be safe.
One of the primary reasons because of which the world must adopt renewable energy is
the decomposition of environment. Researcher Deborah Panepinto supported the idea of
renewable energy in the world. According to him, Carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and mercury
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these are the elements that emit during the coal, petroleum and oil burning (15). This research by
Panepinto provided enough evidence to prove that typical energy resources are not healthy for
human health.
Furthermore, use of coal, oil and petroleum is causing a continuous consumption in the
natural stock of these resources and because these resources aren’t available in abundance, a day
will come when humans will consume all these resources completely and there will be no energy
resources left for future generations (Benerjee, 76). Because of this problem, typical energy
resources are not reliable.
In addition to above mentioned problems, there is a problem related to the production of
energy from these resources. Typical energy resources need continuous investment to generate
energy, opposite to this, renewable energy resources need one-time investment. For example, to
set out a solar plant you just have to invest in solar plates one time and then these plates will last
enough time to provide you energy for more than a year. That’s why renewable energy resources
are more economical than typical energy resources. In support of this argument, Amir Hossain an
energy researcher suggested the production of energy on local level (8). Examples of such
initiatives can be seen in Indian villages (Bhutt).
By summarizing all these flaws of typical energy resources, it is safe to say that indeed
these resources are best in present era but the future of energy is not securing in the presence of
these resources. Our future generations will face an extreme energy shortfall because of shortage
of energy resources. This is why governments must ensure the conversion of energy resources on
renewable energy, this is how we can secure our future. This will be affordable and environment
friendly.
Work Cited
Banerjee, A., & Solomon, B. D. (2003). Eco-labeling for energy efficiency and sustainability: a
meta-evaluation of US programs. Energy Policy, 31(2), 109-123.
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Bhutt, Vikram. “Dharnai, A Village in Bihar, India’s First Fully Solar-Powered Village”. The
Logical India December 13, 2015. Web. October 13, 2017.
Hosein, Amir, Dahlan, N. D., Berardi, U., GhaffarianHoseini, A., Makaremi, N., &
Ghaffarian, Hoseini, M. (2003). Sustainable energy performances of green buildings: A
review of current theories, implementations and challenges. Renewable and Sustainable
Energy Reviews, 25, 1-17.
Panepinto, D., Genon, G., Brizio, E., & Russolillo, D. (2013). Production of green energy from
co-digestion: perspectives for the Province of Cuneo, energetic balance and
environmental sustainability. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 15(6),
1055-1062.
Ritchie, Hannah. Energy Production & Changing Energy Sources. ourWorldInData.org. March
18, 2017. Web. Accessed November 9, 2017. https://ourworldindata.org/energyproduction-and-changing-energy-sources/.
“U.S. electricity generation by energy source”. US Energy Information Administration. n.d.
Web. October 13, 2017. https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=427&t=3.

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