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*************Attach will be past work to use for this paper.**********The weekly written exercises collectively comprise the Strategic
Information Technology Plan. Students will each select a business
organization which they will refer to for every written exercise.
Students will respond to each audit exercise as it applies to their
chosen organization, integrating citations from the text and other
scholarly sources. Each audit exercise should be accompanied by a title
page and reference page formatted according to APA style.Include
side headings (also called sub-titles), according to APA style improve readability and
are important for the reader to see where your paper content aligns
with the required content. For instance, in section IV of the Final
Paper, you would include the side headings (sub-titles)Identify the IT Strategy to support goals of the organizationServiceInnovationSecurityIT FoundationThe first written assignment requires an introductory paragraph about
the student’s selected business, its mission, and its immediate
management of technology and innovation (M.T.I.) goals. This
introductory paragraph should be included in each audit exercise paper
submitted in the course. Focus of the Final PaperThe executive summary is an abbreviated overview of the entire plan,
and as such, it should touch upon all major points while engaging the
reader. It should make the reader want to read the plan. Students should
assume that the target audience is familiar with the computer
terminology learned throughout this course.During Week Five, the student cohesively brings together the weekly
written assignments and an executive summary to form an Information
Technology Strategic Plan. The student’s business focus for weekly
assignments should remain consistent throughout the course. This final
paper should be nineteen to twenty-one pages in length.Students must use the Information Technology Strategic Plan template.The Information Technology Strategic Plan sections are:
Executive SummaryThe executive summary is an
abbreviated overview of the entire plan, and as such, it should touch
upon all major points of the plan while engaging the reader. Students
should discuss the various evaluations performed on their chosen
organization throughout the course. Students should assume that the
target audience is familiar with the computer terminology learned
throughout this course.

Introduction (Use the Introduction paragraph created for the Week1 Exercise)
Name of the organizationOrganization Mission StatementIndustrySpecializationGeographical regions of locationManagement of Technology & Innovation (M.T.I.) current state and future growth directions

Identify the key business goals of the organization (Identify at least 4 business goals)The organization business goals of existing companies can be found on its website or annual report

Identify the IT Strategy to support goals of the organization Specify how IT strategy should contribute to and support the organizations’ business goals.In
this section, you should describe what “should” be the strategy of a
technologically driven company. You should focus specifically on the
technology strategy. You should think about all the things we learned in
the class that will determine a strategy that will help the company
succeed. Remember that you can use either an existing company or
a fictitious company. If you choose to use an existing company, you can
visit their web site to see if their strategy is listed. Or you can do a
web search on their technology strategy to see if anyone has written
any stories about their strategy. For a fictitious company, you should
make up a technology strategy that fits that type of company.Include the IT directions and initiatives to address:

Service – Enhance and expand existing technology and services
Innovation – Advance the organization in the innovative use of technology to meet the organization’s needs.
Security – strengthen the organization’s security systems, processes and approach to identity management
IT Foundation – IT Systems and competitive
infrastructure to ensure it meets organizational technology needs
(provide specific IT systems, functions, and descriptions)

Assessment of Management Technology Innovation (MTI) Capabilities Address each of the following:
Who are your organization’s competitors?How does your organization gather information to be on the forefront
of information technology development? What type of research
facilities exist? How does your organization accept product and other innovative ideas from employees? What programs and processes are in place for employees to provide innovative suggestions?What strategy or objectives are in place in your organization to deal with internal innovations of entrepreneurs?

Assessing Sustainability, Stakeholder Responsibility and Technology Innovation Address each of the following:
Environmental – What is your organization impact on resources, such as air, water, ground and waste emissions?Economic – Evaluate the company stakeholder responsibility and the
bottom line. What is evidence of your organization’s sustained economic
success?Social – What is your organization’s code of conduct and corporate
governance statement? What does your organization have in place for a
Corporate Social Responsibility (C.S.R.)? This is the company’s sense
of responsibility toward the community and environment.

Evaluation of the Firm- McGrath’s and MacMillion’s Twelve FactorsEvaluate your organization speaking to six of the twelve McGrath’s and MacMillion’s factors. The twelve factors are:
Demand for the Product Factors that could speed adoption Factors that could block success of an Innovation Likelihood of Strong Competitive Response Likelihood that the Potential Competitive Advantage is Sustainable Ability to Create Standards Cost Factors in Commercialization Resources Available for Commercialization Level of novelty of the innovation Cost considerations in development Other opportunities that could be leveraged Potential area where damage might occur

Apply the McFarlan & McKenney Strategic Grid Planning ProcessThe
McFarlan & McKenney Strategic Grid Planning Process analyzes the
organization’s readiness to implement innovation strategy.

Apply the Balanced Scorecard analysis for your organizationApply
the Balanced Scorecard analysis for your organization including
descriptive text addressing each BSC factor analysis as outlined:
Financial Results
Success factors Rationale Key Performance Indicators Responsible Entity
Success factors Rationale Key Performance Indicators Responsible Entity
Human Resources
Success factors Rationale Key Performance Indicators Responsible Entity
Success factors Rationale Key Performance Indicators Responsible Entity

Plans for Technology Merger or Acquisition
Identify one merger or acquisition of your organization. This can be an upcoming planned acquisition or merger. Discuss concerns that must be addressed in when planning the merger
or acquisition. Choose two of the following areas: Business climate,
cultural environment, marketing channels, financial processes,
operations systems and structures, human resources policies,
environmental conditions and management of technology & innovation.
For each of your two chosen areas, list eight to ten concerns that
would aid in the planning or the acquisition of technology.

Apply the Process Model Evaluation for Company The
Process Model allows you to evaluate the effect each technology
strategy will have on organization’s structure and processes.

Identify: Identify a technology innovation direction of
your chosen organization. You can identify this from the organization’s
website or Internet information search on your organization.
Current Position: Discuss how well the current technology portfolio aligns to the business needs.
Risk Assessment: Identify the consequences of
continuing with the current technology and future threats when you
consider cost/time, technological challenges/competitive reality.
Decision Analysis: Identify the key decision points and
risk factors that will drive strategic directions of
acquisition/alliance/ interval development/ or stabilize current system
and monitor.
Options: Identify options to be considered to shift from the current position to the desired position. Are there more choices?

Your Final Recommendation Based on the detailed
analysis and review of your chosen organization, identify three
recommendations you would provide regarding the strategic information
technology directions of the organization? One of your recommendations
must be on strategic security requirements of the organization. Conclusion The Strategic Information Technology PlanMust be 19 to 21 double-spaced pages in length (not including title
and references pages) and formatted according to APA styleMust include a separate title page with the following:Title of paperStudent’s nameCourse name and numberInstructor’s nameDate submittedMust begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesisMust use at least seven scholarly sources in addition to the course text.Must document all sources in APA styleMust include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style





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Goals, IT Strategy, And Sustainability Of “Pepsico” Company
Student’s Name
Course Name and Number
Instructor’s Name
Date Submitted
“Pepsico Company” is one of the leading multi-national companies that deal with food
and beverage with its brands gaining the approval of consumers worldwide. The company has a
thorough beverage and food portfolio that makes it possible to offer various choices for their
clients, while reducing production costs, and improving productivity. The firm has branches
opened all over the world to make their products available to a wide market. The products
produced are fizzy drinks, snacks, energy drinks as well as fruit juices such as Tropicana brand.
The mission of the company is to give their consumers sweet and affordable foods and
beverages that are convenient for consumption at different times of the day from breakfasts to
evening time drinks. The commitment of the company is add value to their employees, the firm
itself and the societies where they operate at large so as to stabilize the company for long-term
maintainable development.
The Management of Innovation and Technology (M.T.I.) department has been working
tirelessly to ensure that the company remains relevant in its production. They have invested in
producing foods that are rich in proteins because the world has shifted in that direction. Proteins
keep one nourished for longer time than other foods and they also help in muscle repair as well
as burning excess calories in the body. A very interesting innovation is the introduction of drinks
that help athletes control the consumption of fuel at different stages while in competitions or
training sessions. The company has also invented systems of dispensing fluids like drinks using
wireless technology. Another innovation currently in use is the use of paper bottles which is
aimed at reducing the amount of plastic waste in the environment. The company has however not
been open to allowing outside players help in their innovations and this may be the reason they
are lagging behind on new innovations (Mortara, & Minshall, 2011).
In the future the company is expected to grow because of the emerging markets. The
emerging markets are attributed to the increasing number of middle class people who prefer
convenient foods and drinks. The company is also expected to invest in the production of
nutritious and healthy products. A bigger team to oversee innovations and innovations should
also be expected with the company embracing open innovation to realize innovations and
technological breakthroughs in the future.
Key Business Goals of PepsiCo
Every firm in the corporate industry has to set goals from where they analyze their
achievements and shortcomings. The Pepsico Company set their goals for a period of ten years
and announced them on 2015. The focus of the company is on producing consumables which are
healthy for their customers, maintaining a healthy working environment for their workers,
reducing environmental pollution, as well as ensuring the communities where they operate are
healthy. The goals were also aimed at addressing the main challenges that faced the company
such as increased demand for harmless consumables, regulations by governing bodies imposing
heavy taxes, unstable economic conditions, scarcity of water and instability of social and
political systems. The decade goals of the company touch on three main aspects: products, the
planet, and the people.
Through the goals for the products, the company shows its commitment to refining their
products choices to serve the varying needs of consumers by lowering amount of sugar added,
calories and salts, as well as establishing a wider variety of products. The planet goals will
ensure that the company operations have lesser impacts on the environment at the same time
boosting the growth of the business and meeting the changing needs of the world in terms of
foods and drinks. The goals are also aimed at preserving the natural resources from where the
company obtains their raw materials. Through the people goals the company will strive to ensure
human rights are respected and raise the living standards of communities all over the globe.
IT Strategy
It is common knowledge that when a firm has efficient management of information, its
success is guaranteed. Pepsico Company has laid down an Information Technology Strategy that
will enable it achieve its goals at the end of the ten years period. In terms of service delivery the
company is poised at boosting its advertisements on the digital platforms that have been a current
emergence. The company is also poised at establishing programs that will enable them identify
loyalty among customers and reward them accordingly. Through the It strategy also the company
will be able to collect real-time information more effectively and conduct tests on new products.
Information Technology has also proved to be a very important tool in coming up with
new innovations. It should provide a company with comprehensive information about new trends
in the production industry and from this data the innovation team can identify opportunities and
make improvements or new inventions on them. The firm has therefore established a good IT
department to keep an eye on the new innovations and technologies in the market so that the
company will not lag behind.
Security is also an important aspect in any firm. The Information Technology strategy of
Pepsico firm ensures that the firm’s documents and product formulas are protected against
vandalism by other competing companies or people with ill interests for the company. This also
ensures that the formulas are not altered hence the quality of products is not compromised.
Pepsico Company has established a good information technology foundation to ensure
that it runs its activities in agreement with the goals it set. The company has partnered with other
firms like the iTunes Radio to help it boost its digital innovation. It has also set up a Global
Innovation Strategy & Services team that is entitled with identifying emerging trends that could
affect the company’s growth significantly.
Management of Technology and Innovations Capabilities
The major competitors of Pepsico include the Coca Cola Company, Dr Pepper Snapple
Group, and the REED. To remain competitive and relevant the company gathers information
through various platforms. These platforms include the various online social sites where the firm
has developed pages for interacting with consumers. The digital platforms have proved to be
very helpful because they provide a wide variety of information from various parts of the world.
The information technology team of Pepsico also gathers information from bloggers timelines
and news shared on the internet. The Global Innovation Strategy & Services team has been
entitled with digging out this information to keep the company relevant in this current era.
Employers can also share their ideas through the innovation body mentioned above (Dawar, &
Frost, 1999).
The operations of Pepsico have an impact on the environment as well as on social and
economic aspect of the nation. The environmental impacts touch on aspects such as water
availability, carbon emissions into the atmosphere, amounts of solid wastes, as well as disposal
of recyclable wastes into the environment. The company through its 2025 Agenda has set
measures to improve the situation by lowering carbon emissions, efficient and economical use of
water and other natural resources, and using containers that are recyclable like the paper bottles.
Economically the company has recorded increased sales over the years. This has been achieved
through the expansion activities it has carried out. The shareholders of Pepsico have received
increased returns over the past years as shown by the graph below. It is also important to note the
company has set a goal for the society within which it runs its operations. Most of the casual
employees are absorbed from these societies and the company also participates in other welfare
activities within the society like giving scholarships to needy students.
(Pepsico Annual Report, 2016)
The graph shows shareholders’ returns for the period between 2011 and 2016 in dollars.
In conclusion it is correct to say that the company has been successful throughout the
years it has been in operation and remained competitive in the food and beverages industry. This
has been possible by setting great goals and establishing strategies that have enabled it work
towards achieving them, and sustain it through the changing seasons of the world.
Annual Report (2016) Pepsico
Dawar, N., & Frost, T. (1999). Competing with giants: Survival strategies for local companies in
emerging markets. Harvard business review, 77, 119-132.
Dhar, T., Chavas, J. P., Cotterill, R. W., & Gould, B. W. (2005). An Econometric Analysis of
Brand‐Level Strategic Pricing Between Coca‐Cola Company and PepsiCo. Journal of
Economics & Management Strategy, 14(4), 905-931.
Mortara, L., & Minshall, T. (2011). How do large multinational companies implement open
innovation?. Technovation, 31(10), 586-597.
Planning Process for Innovation
Student’s Name
Course Name and Number
Instructor’s Name
Date Submitted
The PepsiCo Company, which is one of the top-ranking companies dealing in foods and
beverages, has been in operation for a long time. Although the journey is not always easy, this
company has stood against all odds and grown continuously over the years. The success of a firm
is determined by the measures it has set to counter any unexpected negative forces that threaten
its existence in the corporate world. This paper evaluates some of the features the company has
established that have seen it survive and grow through the unstable business environment.
Evaluation of PepsiCo
In this evaluation, we use some of the twelve factors of firm evaluation as stated by
McGrath and MacMillion. These two great men composed a list of twelve factors which can be
checked in a company to determine whether it is successful or not (Carcello, Hermanson, &
McGrath, 1992). These factors are discussed below with respect to PepsiCo.
Demand for the Product
Products need to acquire value so that customers can demand them. This is made possible
by combining input components in proportions that suit the needs of the target customers. These
needs may be luxurious or basic. PepsiCo Company has involved itself in the production of
foods and beverages that people need on a daily basis. They have provided a wide variety of
these products giving customers the freedom to choose their most preferred brands hence
ensuring maximum customer satisfaction. Even as the times have changed and so the needs of
people, the company has been keen to notice the shift of demand and provided its customers with
what they need.
Factors That Could Speed Adoption
These are the factors that make a company to adopt new trends and technologies quickly
and without a lot of struggle. In the current market where competition is very stiff, the ability of
a firm to adapt, coordinate resources together for change as well as integrating those changes fast
indicates that the firm is likely to make profits. Employees must be ready to adopt these changes,
especially at the implementation level. PepsiCo has shown great strengths in this aspect of
adopting changes quickly and at some point when its products faced scrutiny because of some
harmful substances that had been discovered in the products, it dropped the use of those harmful
substances and emerged stronger (Wang, Lu, & Chen, 2008).
Cost Factors In Commercialization
The cost factors involve the cost of inputs like raw materials and labor that are utilized
during production of the end products. Suppliers, in this case, play an important role in ensuring
that the cost of production is minimal or high which affects the final cost of the end product.
They also need to be evaluated regularly to ascertain their compliance with the standards of the
company. Suppliers that supply to end consumers also need to be evaluated because customer
satisfaction depends on the condition the products get to the consumers. PepsiCo keeps a keen
eye on its suppliers and those that take goods to consumers to ensure maximum customer
Likelihood of Strong Competitive Response
It is important for a firm that wishes to remain competitive to have a well-coordinated
marketing team. This team is commissioned with the work of coming up with marketing
strategies to keep the company at the top of its field. Competition is beaten by the consistent
production of quality product combined with the good branding of the products. Innovation also
helps fight competition in that it keeps the customers busy trying out the new products you offer
in the market. PepsiCo has survived and grown even with stiff competition from other big firms
like the Coca-Cola. The company has had to keep up with producing quality products and
spending a lot on marketing and utilizing online platforms to tap customers in the global world.
Ability to Create Standards
A company that builds on its standards is on the right path towards success. Standards
mean that the kind of goods and services offered to meet the specifications laid down by the firm
to ensure that customers’ needs are satisfied to the optimum. A company should be able to set the
bar so high that its competitors have to emulate it to remain relevant in the market. PepsiCo has
put into the paper the standards that all its products must meet before they are supplied to the
customers. Apart from writing down the specifications, the company has employed control
technology to ensure that the quality of their products is not compromised during production.
Factors That Could Block Success of An Innovation
There are many factors that can prevent the breakthrough of a firm in new innovations.
These include internal factors like a unsupportive working force that is not willing to play their
roles in ensuring the success of the company. A company should ensure that its employees are
highly motivated and make them understand the parts they have to play in ensuring the success
of the company. Other factors that hinder the success of innovation are authorities, security,
responsibilities of the organization in the society among others. A company should make
innovations that are in consonance with the external factors to ensure that they succeed because
the main aim of innovations is to gain more revenue from sales of the new product. PepsiCo has
laid down good measures that ensure its employees work in favorable environments and that
their products are not in conflict with external factors (Wang, Lu, & Chen, 2008).
The McFarlan & McKenney Grid Planning Process
This refers to a method of analyzing how a company is ready to implement changes in its
operations by assessing how it utilizes Information Technology. The two gentlemen came up
with a system where the role of Information Systems Technology (IST) and its effect are
represented using a “strategic grid” which is basically a 2*2 matrix model. There are four
categories in which the use of IST in firms falls under according to the “strategic grid.” To
classify IT use in organizations in these categories, the capabilities of the technology at the
Strategic importance
of IST in future
present time and in the future are considered.
Strategic Importance of IST Currently
The grid above shows the four classifications of use of Information Technology in an
organization. A firm in the support quadrant has a minimum use of IST and no plans to employ
more technology. For Factory quadrant, the use of IST has high impacts on operations but low
impacts on strategy. Technology here is used to enhance performance and reduce production
cost. In the turnaround quadrant, technology has high impacts on strategy but low on operations.
It represents firms that use IST to realize new strategic chances in the market. Lastly, the
strategic quadrant represents firms that use IST both for strategy and operations massively
(Premkumar, & King, 1992).
PepsiCo falls under the strategic quadrant because it has employed information systems
technology to improve its operations and at the same time create strategic opportunities. The firm
has embraced technology and this has seen it improve a lot by enabling it to produce more at
minimum costs and time. The firm also has established a team in charge of Information
Technology that keeps its technology updated ensuring smooth operations.
All entrepreneurs wish their businesses success and growth. The economic environment
is however not favorable always. New companies should, therefore, copy the strategies that some
of the big companies like PepsiCo have employed to remain powerful in the market and they will
be guaranteed of success.
Carcello, J. V., Hermanson, R. H., & McGrath, N. T. (1992). Audit quality attributes: The
perceptions of audit partners, preparers, and financial statement users. Auditing, 11(1), 1.
Premkumar, G., & King, W. R. (1992). An empirical assessment of information systems
planning and the role of information systems in organizations. Journal of Management
Information Systems, 9(2), 99-125.
Wang, C. H., Lu, I. Y., & Chen, C. B. (2008). Evaluating firm technological innovation
capability under uncertainty. Technovation, 28(6), 349-363.
Plans for Merger or Acquisition
Name of Student
Course Name and Number
Instructor’s Name
Date Submitted
Mergers and Acquisitions are involve the coming together of two or more businesses
with the purpose of making more profits and gaining stability in the industry as well as gaining a
bigger share of the market. These processes are complex thus it is necessary to plan well before
indulging into them. One should address various concerns that arise with Mergers and
Acquisitions and determine whether the processes will be viable or not. In this case, some of the
concerns that PepsiCo addressed when they were acquiring “KeVita Company” are described. In
this paper, the concerns discussed touch on human resources and financial processes.
Human Resources Policies
During mergers and acquisitions, human resource professionals are involved in the
decision making process especially on matters touching on human resources. They gather
information using surveys as well as other metric tools, point out possible conflicts or
shortcomings between the involved companies, bringing together the human resources practices
as well as different cultures of companies after the mergers and acquisitions, among others.
The human resources professionals address various issues during the mergers and
acquisitions. These issues include;

The impacts of implementing change or retaining things unchanged. This will make the
merger and acquisition an easy or a difficult process. During planning, one should
simulate how much it will cost to take either of the a …
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