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1. Look at your teammates’ responses to #4 B (on why they agree with one of the explanations for the paradox reporting of gender violence in Nordic countries). Do you agree or disagree with their explanation? Why?2. Research the two countries that one of your teammates’ chose for #5 above. (If any of the countries that you and any teammate selected are the same, then communicate on the side and agree to select different countries before you continue with this item. If no teammate posted by the first round due-date, then pick another country on your own and do the following.) From http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII get the data on those countries for the items below. NOTE: On that site the countries are ranked by Human Development Index, not by gender equality. The Gender Inequality Index ranking is found in the second column and it may not exactly match the ranking from the website for #5 above. Not a problem: the differences won’t be significant. Get data the for your teammate’s choices from #5 above, PLUS the US:(when you copy and paste, you should see a table that is invisible here)A top 15 rankedcountry: USA bottom 15 rankedcountry (139-159): maternal mortalityParliament seat percentageSecondary education percentagemale: male: male: female: female: female: Overall HDI rankA. Now list 5 more entirely different countries from among the bottom ranked in terms of HDI 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. B. Is there a correlation between poverty and gender inequality among the three countries in the table (plus the additional five above)? C. What do you suppose is a basic reason why poorer countries tend not to have the resources to reduce maternal mortality rates and improve secondary education rates compared to the top 15 countries? D. Patriarchal beliefs, practices, and government policies account for why women are hired and paid much less than men in countries in countries like Mexico, the Congo, Bangladesh, and so on. Cheap female labor there benefits consumers in countries like the Netherlands and the United States. Explain. E. Now explain how this shift of wealth from poor to rich countries also contributes to (a) increasing gender inequality in poorer countries and (b) reducing gender inequality in wealthy countries, as measured by huge differences in maternal mortality rates and secondary education among the two sets of countries.
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2. Go to http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII
List the top five countries by highest gender equality. LOOK AT THIRD COLUMN: Gender
Inequality Index “Rank”)
1. Switzerland
2. Denmark
3. Netherlands
4. Sweden
5. Iceland
Portugal’s rank: 17
3. Read this article: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/06/10/thebest-countries-for-gender-equality-may-also-have-a-domestic-violence-problem/?utm_term=.
45561ee11b35
Describe the paradox regarding rates of domestic violence reporting:
The paradox here is that instead of countries that have formulated measures to ensure gender
equality to be having the least rates of reported domestic violence cases, they are ranked higher
in percentage of reported cases of domestic violence as compared to countries have made less
efforts in ensuring gender equality. This paradox is based on the assumption that gender equality
women in gender-equal countries are likely to report on cases of domestic violence more than
women in gender-unequal countries.
4. In the same article, one argument explaining the paradox is that there is a “backlash.” The
other argument is that actual rates of violence are in countries with less gender equality are
probably much higher (they are under-reported).
A. Explain both arguments.
– Backlash explanation (the reported rates are indeed higher in the gender equal countries and
lower in the gender unequal countries):
Countries such as Norway and Iceland which have made relatively good strides in ensuring
gender equality is achieved are recorded to have indeed higher rates of domestic violence
according to the data presented in the article as compared to countries this is because it does not
necessarily mean that all aspects of gender equality are adhered to in this countries. This the
justifies the higher rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) reported in these countries. A separate
study also presented by the article indicates a greater percentage of domestic violence in the
gender-equal countries.
– “Reported rates are misleading” explanation (they are over-reported in gender equal countries
and under-reported in the gender unequal countries):
Reports on the rates of the domestic violence may also be misleading in that some cases of
domestic violence in gender-unequal countries may be under-reported and those of gender-equal
counties over-reported. This is based on the assumption that countries that have initiated efforts
to ensure gender equality such as Norway would have women who are likely to report acts of
domestic violence as compared to women in gender-unequal countries.
B. Explain why you agree with one or the other (both cannot be true):
The assertion that the reported rates of domestic violence is in my view misleading and that
indeed it is true that the rates in gender-equal countries may have been over-reported and those
of gender-unequal countries under-reported. This is because from a rational point of view it is
logic to say that gender equality or rather awareness on gender equality by both men and women
leads to reduced cases of domestic violence in that each gender is aware of his/her roles and
counties such as Norway and Iceland who have been ranked as the top in ensuring gender
equality have measures put in place to ensure gender equality and a reduction in domestic
violence through formulation of strict rules and regulations against domestic violence offenders.
5. This is to prepare for the next round: Go to http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII
Select ONE country from any of the top 15 countries, and select ONE country from any of the
bottom 15 countries:
The countries I selected are:
1: Australia
2: Burundi
2. Go to http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII
List the top five countries by highest gender equality. LOOK AT THIRD COLUMN: Gender
Inequality Index “Rank”)
1. Switzerland
2. Denmark
3. Netherlands
4. Sweden
5. Iceland
Portugal’s rank: 17
3. Read this article: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/06/10/thebest-countries-for-gender-equality-may-also-have-a-domestic-violence-problem/?utm_term=.
45561ee11b35
Describe the paradox regarding rates of domestic violence reporting:
The Nordic countries have remained in the top rankings of gender equality but yet have a high
rate of domestic violence reports. This would be opposite of what one may think if a country
treats men and women the same. This may because women don’t feel like they have to hold this
abuse in and are actually reporting it. This is compared to countries where gender equality is not
strong so women may hide the domestic violence because they won’t be helped anyways. This
may also be because men are upset of the roles and respect that they gain in countries with high
gender equality.
4. In the same article, one argument explaining the paradox is that there is a “backlash.” The
other argument is that actual rates of violence are in countries with less gender equality are
probably much higher (they are under-reported).
A. Explain both arguments.
– Backlash explanation (the reported rates are indeed higher in the gender equal countries and
lower in the gender unequal countries):
The backlash explanation states that men are upset or angry with the high levels of respect and
status that women can gain in these countries.
– “Reported rates are misleading” explanation (they are over-reported in gender equal countries
and under-reported in the gender unequal countries):
This explanation says that because of higher gender equality, women feel more comfotable
coming out with being abused because they will be helped and listened to. This is compared to
countries with low level of gender equality and a lower reported level of domestic violence.
These women may not feel as safe to ask for help.
B. Explain why you agree with one or the other (both cannot be true):
I think that the reported rates explanation is correct. It’s not that domestic violence isn’t
happening as much in other countries, it’s that the social institutions and support are not there for
women to come forward and be taken serious. If I was in an abusive relationship, I would feel
much more comfortable asking for help in an area that was receptive of women and how they
feel compared to a country where it will be looked over.
5. This is to prepare for the next round: Go to http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII
Select ONE country from any of the top 15 countries, and select ONE country from any of the
bottom 15 countries:
The countries I selected are:
1: Finland
2: Australia
2. Go to http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII
List the top five countries by highest gender equality. LOOK AT THIRD COLUMN: Gender
Inequality Index “Rank”)
1. Switzerland
2. Denmark
3. Netherlands
4. Sweden
5. Iceland
Portugal’s rank: 17
3. Read this article: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/06/10/thebest-countries-for-gender-equality-may-also-have-a-domestic-violence-problem/?utm_term=.
45561ee11b35
Describe the paradox regarding rates of domestic violence reporting:
The paradox that exists in the Nordic countries is that they have some of the greatest rates of
gender equality in the European Union but, they also have the highest rates of physical or sexual
violence among women in the European Union. One would think that because women are seen
as equals, there would be less violence against them.
4. In the same article, one argument explaining the paradox is that there is a “backlash.” The
other argument is that actual rates of violence are in countries with less gender equality are
probably much higher (they are under-reported).
A. Explain both arguments.
– Backlash explanation (the reported rates are indeed higher in the gender equal countries and
lower in the gender unequal countries):
The Backlash Explanation basically states that women in the Nordic countries, which have more
gender equality, are threatening to men in those countries. Women in Nordic countries have the
same opportunities as men and are seen to be on more even playing field in the workplace and at
home so, men in these countries could feel threatened by women’s success. In order to
compensate for these feelings of being threatened, men could be resorting to violence towards
women.
– “Reported rates are misleading” explanation (they are over-reported in gender equal countries
and under-reported in the gender unequal countries):
Women in Nordic countries are seen to be more equal to men, and in society as a whole, as
compared to other countries in the European Union. Women feeling more comfortable in the
society could be leading to them feeling more comfortable reporting acts of violence against
them. In other countries where women are not as equal, women could be afraid to report crimes
against them due to; being viewed as liars, losing a job or respect of others, or being subject to
greater violence.
B. Explain why you agree with one or the other (both cannot be true):
I agree with the “reported rates are misleading” arguement as to why the Nordic countries have a
higher rate of violence against women. If women are more comfortable in their enviroment and
are going to be treated fairly, like a man would be, I believe that they would be more likely to
report crimes against them. I have been subject to abuse from a man and I was scared to tell
anyone beacuse I didn’t think that anyone would believe me. Often times as a women, even in the
United States, if you say that a man did something to harm you people will ask “Are you sure” or
“How did you provoke him” or ask other questions. People are more likely to side with the man.
So, I think that women knowing that they are on the same playing field as men would lead to
them feeling more comfortable in reporting this violence.
5. This is to prepare for the next round: Go to http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII
Select ONE country from any of the top 15 countries, and select ONE country from any of the
bottom 15 countries:
The countries I selected are:
1: Iceland
2: Burkina Faso

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